Antonine Wall Fort & Fortlet

Duntocher, Golden Hill, Strathclyde/Dunbartonshire

NGRef: NS4972
OSMap: LR64
Type: Antonine Wall Fort, Fortlet.
Roads
Antonine Wall: E (1) to Cleddans (Strathclyde)
Antonine Wall: W (2¼) to Old Kilpatrick (Strathclyde)

The only visible portion of this fort is a very small section of the western defences but the superb view offered from the trig. point at the top of Golden Hill make the site a worthwhile visit. The space available for occupation within the ramparts of the Antonine fort at Duntocher were estimated by Roy to measure about 430 ft. by 290 ft. (c.131 x 88 m) thus giving an area of just over 2¾ acres (c.1.2 ha).

The Ceramic, Numismatic and Epigraphic Evidence

The fort at Duntocher was excavated between 1948-51 and also in 1977. The only dateable pottery evidence recovered is a piece of Form 27 decorated ware bearing the mark of the Antonine potter Draucus. Ten coins have been recovered from the site, ranging from an "aureus" of Vespasian to a nummus of Constantine I dated c.AD301, also including 3 issues of Antoninus Pius, 3 of Trajan, a single denarius of Domitian and a Hadrianic aureus of AD118.

There are four inscriptions on stone recorded in the R.I.B. from the environs of the Duntocher fort. There are a couple of building inscriptions recording work done on the rampart wall by one of the British legions, in this case Legio II Augusta, who were normally stationed at Caerleon in South Wales, both of which are decorated with a Capricorn above and a Pegasus below. The first was recovered in 1699 about a mile to the west of the fort near Carlieth farm (RIB 2204), another found sometime between 1826 and 1844 on the line of the Wall about 300 yards west of the fort. Aside from these distance slabs there is an altar to Jupiter (RIB 2201) discovered in 1829 on Easter Duntiglennan Farm close by the fort, also a fragment of building stone marked simply OFRO ... (RIB 2202), found in 1732 at Cochno House nearby but now lost; the other three stones now reside in the Hunterian Museum and are shown below.

Building Dedication to Emperor Antoninus Pius from Carlieth Farm

IMP ANTON AVG PIO P P • LEG II AVG F P III CCLXXI
"For the emperor Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country • the Second Augustan Legion has made three-thousand two-hundred and seventy-one paces [of the rampart-Wall]."
(RIB 2204; decorated ansate tablet; dated: AD139-161)

Building Dedication from the Antonine Wall 300 Yards West of Duntocher Fort

LEG II AVG F P IIII CXL
"The Second Augustan Legion has made four-thousand one-hundred and forty paces [of the Wall]."
(RIB 2203; decorated ansate tablet)

Altar to Iuppiter Optimus Maximus

I O M
"For Jupiter Best and Greatest."
(RIB 2201; altarstone)
See: The Roman Wall in Scotland by Sir George MacDonald (Oxford, 2nd Ed. 1934) pp.328-332;
The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965);
Britannia i (1970) p.274;
The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia iii (1972) pp.1-55;
A Survey of the Coin Finds from the Antonine Wall by Richard Abdy in Britannia xxxiii (2002) pp.189-217;
All English translations, including any inherent mistakes, are my own.

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