Romano-British Tilery & Potteries

Scalesceugh, Cummersdale, Cumbria

NGRef: NY449495
OSMap: LR85
Type: Roman Tile and Pottery Kilns
Roads
See Wreay (Cummersdale, Cumbria)

Scalesceugh was long thought to be the site of a Roman military tile works as many tiles bearing the stamp of the Ninth 'Hispanic' Legion had been unearthed in the area over the years. During excavations in 1970 the base of a Roman 'clay-and-cobble' tile kiln was recorded, along with buildings and associated pottery sherds ranging from the 1st to the 4th centuries.

Milestone from Scalesheugh, 5 miles SE of Carlisle

IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANO P FEL AVG ... ...O
"Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Felix Augustus¹ [...]"
(RIB 2289; milestone; dated: AD238-244)
  1. This may be any one of three emperors named Gordianus:
    1. Gordian I - Was governor of Africa when the death of the emperor Maximinus Thrax in early-January AD238 elevated him and his like-named eldest son to the position of joint Augusti. The elder Gordian committed suicide after the fall of Carthage in late-January the same year.
    2. Gordian II - Was co-ruler alongside his father. He was killed in the defence of Carthage in late-January AD238.
    3. Gordian III - Was 13 years old when he was proclaimed emperor by the praetorians in May AD238. He ruled until February 244, when, aged just 19, he was murdered by his own soldiers on the orders of the usurper Philip the Arab.
See: Chronicle of the Roman Emperors by Chris Scarre (Thames & Hudson, London, 1995);
The Carvetii by Nicholas Higham and Barri Jones (Sutton, London, 1985);
Britannia ii (1971) p.251;
The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965);
All English translations, including any inherent mistakes, are my own.

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